Software Testing as a Career Path (Skills-Salary-Growth)

“One man’s crappy software is another man’s full time job.” (Jessica Gaston)

As Software Testing is indispensable to provide a quality product without any bug or issue, so to do we need software testing professionals to get the best out of a product. With the high demand from customers in this Agile atmosphere where quality products have become a risk to company revenue, it worth looking at Software testing as a Career path as journey towards becoming professional to better quality.

Some key points you need to take into consideration to make a good Career path towards a Software tester;

What is Software Testing?
  • SOFTWARE TESTING is defined as an activity to check whether the actual results match the expected results and to ensure that the software system is Defect free.
  • As a result, it helps to identify errors, gaps, or missing requirements in contrary to the actual requirements.
  • Testing is a way of exploring the system to check how it operates and find the possible defects while Quality Assurance(QA) is a set of methods and activities designed to ensure that the developed software corresponds to all the specifications, e.g., SRS, FRS, and BRS.
  • Software Testing is indispensable to provide a quality product without any bug or issue.
  • Note that QA and testing are not the same, but they are related.
  • It can be either done manually or using automated tools.
Why is Software Testing Important?
  • Testing is important because software bugs could be expensive or even dangerous.
  • Software bugs can potentially cause monetary and human loss, and history is full of such examples.
  • In May of 1996, a software bug caused the bank accounts of 823 customers of a major U.S. bank to be credited with 920 million US dollars.
  • Other local cases that might arise…
What are the benefits of Software Testing?
  • Cost-Effective: Testing any IT project on time helps you to save your money for the long term.
  • Security: It helps in removing risks and problems earlier.
  • Product quality: Testing ensures a quality product is delivered to customers.
  • Customer Satisfaction: UI/UX Testing ensures the best user experience.
Skills required to become a Software Tester
1- Technical and Non-Technical required skills

Skills-required-to-become-a-software-testergood software tester

***Only knowledge of any Automation tool is not sufficient to crack the interview, you must have good hands-on experience, so practice the tool of your choice to achieve mastery.

2- Academic Background
  • Academic background of a software tester should be in Computer Science.
  • A BTech/ B.E., MCA, BCA, BSc- Computers, will land you a job quickly.
  • Otherwise, you must complete a software testing certification like ISTQB & CSTE which help you learn Software Development/ Test Life Cycle and other testing methodologies.
3- What Does a Software Tester do?

On any typical work day, you will be busy;

  • Understanding requirement documents,
  • Creating test cases,
  • Executing test cases,
  • Reporting and re-testing bugs,
  • Attending review meetings and
  • Other team building activities.
4-  Remuneration:

Compensation of a software tester varies from company to company and company localization culture.

  • Average salary(yearly) range of a software tester in the US is $45,993 – $74,935.
  • Average salary(yearly) range of a software tester in India is Rs 247,315 – Rs 449,111.
  • Average salary(monthly) range of a software tester in Cameroon is 112,672 XAF – 342,220 XAF
5-Software Tester Career Path:

Your career progression as a software tester (QA Analyst) in typical CMMI level 5 company will look like following but will vary from company to company:

  • QA Analyst (Fresher)CMMI-maturity-level
  • Sr. QA Analyst (2-3 years’ experience)
  • QA Team Coordinator (5-6 years’ experience)
  • Test Manager (8-11 years’ experience)
  • Senior Test Manager (14+ experience)
6-Alternate Career Tracks as a Software Tester:

Once you have got your hand dirty in manual testing, you can pursue following specializations:

  • Automation Testing
  • Performance Testing
  • Business Analyst

Common Myths:myths and facts

  • Software Testing as a Career pays Less Developers are more respected as compared to Testers:- never consider Software testing career as “second rated.”
  • Software Testing is Boring:- the key is to try new things.
How to Become Software Tester

For a complete newbie, here is a suggested approach to learning Software Testing :

  • You start with learning Basic principles of Software Testing.
  • become software teserOnce done you apply for freelancing jobs. This will help you gain practical knowledge and will fortify the testing concepts you have learned.
  • Next, you proceed to Selenium – Automation tool, then JMeter – Performance Testing tool and finally TestLink – Test Management Tool. 
  • All the while you are learning, we suggest you apply for freelancing jobs.
  • Once you are through with all the tools, you may consider taking a certification. We recommend ISTQB. However, this is optional.
Certification Exams you should take
  • ISTQB Foundation level is the basic certification in Testing field.certification exams
  • It is not mandatory, but it will help increase your chances of getting the job. Most of the companies have this criterion.
  • A software tester with ISTQB cleared will be given more priority as compared to others.
  • After this, when you apply for permanent jobs in big corporations you will have many skills to offer as well some practical freelancing experience which may be of value and will increase your chances of being selected.
  • You can also pursue certification in a Testing tool of your choice.

Where do you stand?where do you stand

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“Quality is never an accident; it is always the result of intelligent effort.” – John Ruskin

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